SSL_write(3)                 OpenSSL                 SSL_write(3)


     SSL_write - write bytes to a TLS/SSL connection.


      #include <openssl/ssl.h>

      int SSL_write(SSL *ssl, const void *buf, int num);


     SSL_write() writes num bytes from the buffer buf into the
     specified ssl connection.


     If necessary, SSL_write() will negotiate a TLS/SSL session,
     if not already explicitly performed by SSL_connect(3) or
     SSL_accept(3). If the peer requests a re-negotiation, it
     will be performed transparently during the SSL_write()
     operation. The behaviour of SSL_write() depends on the
     underlying BIO.

     For the transparent negotiation to succeed, the ssl must
     have been initialized to client or server mode. This is
     being done by calling SSL_set_connect_state(3) or
     SSL_set_accept_state() before the first call to an
     SSL_read(3) or SSL_write() function.

     If the underlying BIO is blocking, SSL_write() will only
     return, once the write operation has been finished or an
     error occurred, except when a renegotiation take place, in
     which case a SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ may occur. This behaviour
     can be controlled with the SSL_MODE_AUTO_RETRY flag of the
     SSL_CTX_set_mode(3) call.

     If the underlying BIO is non-blocking, SSL_write() will also
     return, when the underlying BIO could not satisfy the needs
     of SSL_write() to continue the operation. In this case a
     call to SSL_get_error(3) with the return value of
     SSL_write() will yield SSL_ERROR_WANT_READ or
     SSL_ERROR_WANT_WRITE. As at any time a re-negotiation is
     possible, a call to SSL_write() can also cause read
     operations! The calling process then must repeat the call
     after taking appropriate action to satisfy the needs of
     SSL_write(). The action depends on the underlying BIO. When
     using a non-blocking socket, nothing is to be done, but
     select() can be used to check for the required condition.
     When using a buffering BIO, like a BIO pair, data must be
     written into or retrieved out of the BIO before being able
     to continue.

     SSL_write() will only return with success, when the complete
     contents of buf of length num has been written. This default
     behaviour can be changed with the

1.0.2t               Last change: 2019-09-10                    1

SSL_write(3)                 OpenSSL                 SSL_write(3)

     SSL_MODE_ENABLE_PARTIAL_WRITE option of SSL_CTX_set_mode(3).
     When this flag is set, SSL_write() will also return with
     success, when a partial write has been successfully
     completed. In this case the SSL_write() operation is
     considered completed. The bytes are sent and a new
     SSL_write() operation with a new buffer (with the already
     sent bytes removed) must be started.  A partial write is
     performed with the size of a message block, which is 16kB
     for SSLv3/TLSv1.


     When an SSL_write() operation has to be repeated because of
     repeated with the same arguments.

     When calling SSL_write() with num=0 bytes to be sent the
     behaviour is undefined.


     The following return values can occur:

     > 0 The write operation was successful, the return value is
         the number of bytes actually written to the TLS/SSL

     <= 0
         The write operation was not successful, because either
         the connection was closed, an error occurred or action
         must be taken by the calling process.  Call
         SSL_get_error() with the return value ret to find out
         the reason.

         SSLv2 (deprecated) does not support a shutdown alert
         protocol, so it can only be detected, whether the
         underlying connection was closed. It cannot be checked,
         why the closure happened.

         Old documentation indicated a difference between 0 and
         -1, and that -1 was retryable.  You should instead call
         SSL_get_error() to find out if it's retryable.


     SSL_get_error(3), SSL_read(3), SSL_CTX_set_mode(3),
     SSL_CTX_new(3), SSL_connect(3), SSL_accept(3)
     SSL_set_connect_state(3), ssl(3), bio(3)

1.0.2t               Last change: 2019-09-10                    2

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