curs_initscr: initscr, newterm, endwin, isendwin, set_term, delscreen -- curses screen initialization and manipulation routines


cc [flag . . .] file -locurses [library . . .]

#include <ocurses.h>

WINDOW *initscr(void); int endwin(void); int isendwin(void); SCREEN *newterm(char *type, FILE *outfd, FILE *infd); SCREEN *set_term(SCREEN *new); void delscreen(SCREEN *sp);


initscr is almost always the first routine that should be called (the exceptions are slk_init, filter, ripoffline, use_env and, for multiple-terminal applications, newterm.) This determines the terminal type and initializes all curses data structures. initscr also causes the first call to refresh to clear the screen. If errors occur, initscr writes an appropriate error message to standard error and exits; otherwise, a pointer is returned to stdscr. If the program needs an indication of error conditions, newterm should be used instead of initscr; initscr should only be called once per application.

A program that outputs to more than one terminal should use the newterm routine for each terminal instead of initscr. A program that needs an indication of error conditions, so it can continue to run in a line-oriented mode if the terminal cannot support a screen-oriented program, would also use this routine. The routine newterm should be called once for each terminal. It returns a variable of type SCREEN * which should be saved as a reference to that terminal. The arguments are the type of the terminal to be used in place of $TERM, a file pointer for output to the terminal, and another file pointer for input from the terminal (if type is NULL, $TERM will be used). The program must also call endwin for each terminal being used before exiting from curses. If newterm is called more than once for the same terminal, the first terminal referred to must be the last one for which endwin is called.

A program should always call endwin before exiting or escaping from curses mode temporarily. This routine restores tty modes, moves the cursor to the lower left-hand corner of the screen and resets the terminal into the proper non-visual mode. Calling refresh or doupdate after a temporary escape causes the program to resume visual mode.

The isendwin routine returns TRUE if endwin has been called without any subsequent calls to wrefresh, and FALSE otherwise.

The set_term routine is used to switch between different terminals. The screen reference new becomes the new current terminal. The previous terminal is returned by the routine. This is the only routine which manipulates SCREEN pointers; all other routines affect only the current terminal.

The delscreen routine frees storage associated with the SCREEN data structure. The endwin routine does not do this, so delscreen should be called after endwin if a particular SCREEN is no longer needed. The file pointers passed to newterm must also be closed.

Return values

endwin returns the integer ERR upon failure and OK upon successful completion.

Routines that return pointers always return NULL on error.


curses(3ocurses), curs_kernel(3ocurses), curs_refresh(3ocurses), curs_slk(3ocurses), curs_util(3ocurses)


The header file ocurses.h automatically includes the header files stdio.h and unctrl.h.

Note that initscr and newterm may be macros.

© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004