acctsh: chargefee, ckpacct, dodisk, lastlogin, monacct, nulladm, prctmp, prdaily, prtacct, runacct, shutacct, startup, turnacct -- shell procedures for accounting


/usr/lib/acct/chargefee login-name number

/usr/lib/acct/ckpacct [blocks]

/usr/lib/acct/dodisk [-o] [files . . .]


/usr/lib/acct/monacct number

/usr/lib/acct/nulladm file


/usr/lib/acct/prdaily [-l] [-c] [mmdd]

/usr/lib/acct/prtacct file ["heading"]

/usr/lib/acct/runacct [mmdd] [mmdd state]

/usr/lib/acct/shutacct ["reason"]


/usr/lib/acct/turnacct on | off | switch


chargefee can be invoked to charge a number of units to login-name. A record is written to /var/adm/fee, to be merged with other accounting records by runacct.

ckpacct should be initiated via cron(1M) to periodically check the size of /var/adm/pacct. If the size exceeds blocks, 1000 by default, turnacct will be invoked with argument switch. If the number of free disk blocks in the /var file system falls below 500, ckpacct will automatically turn off the collection of process accounting records via the off argument to turnacct. When at least 500 blocks are restored, the accounting will be activated again on the next invocation of ckpacct. This feature is sensitive to the frequency at which ckpacct is executed, usually by cron.

dodisk should be invoked by cron to perform the disk accounting functions. By default, it will use diskusg, bfsdiskusg, sfsdiskusg, vxdiskusg, and ufsdiskusg (see diskusg(1M)) to do disk accounting on the S5, bfs, sfs, vxfs, and ufs file systems in /etc/vfstab and acctdusg (see acct(1M)) on other file systems. Note that when dodisk uses /etc/vfstab, it will skip remote resources. If the -o flag is used, it will use acctdusg (see acct(1M)) to do a slower version of disk accounting by login directory for all file systems. files specifies the one or more file system names where disk accounting will be done. If files are used, disk accounting will be done on these file systems only. If the -o flag is used, files should be mount points of mounted file systems. If the -o option is omitted, files should be the special file names of mountable file systems.

lastlogin is invoked by runacct to update /var/adm/acct/sum/loginlog, which shows the last date on which each person logged in.

monacct should be invoked once each month or each accounting period. number indicates which month or period it is. If number is not given, it defaults to the current month (01-12). This default is useful if monacct is to be executed via cron(1M) on the first day of each month. monacct creates summary files in /var/adm/acct/fiscal and restarts the summary files in /var/adm/acct/sum.

nulladm creates file with mode 664 and ensures that owner and group are adm. It is called by various accounting shell procedures.

prctmp can be used to print the session record file, normally /var/adm/acct/nite/ctmp created by acctcon1 (see acctcon(1M)).

prdaily is invoked by runacct to format a report of the previous day's accounting data. The report resides in /var/adm/acct/sum/rprtmmdd where mmdd is the month and day of the report. The current daily accounting reports may be printed by typing prdaily. Previous days' accounting reports can be printed by using the mmdd option and specifying the exact report date desired. The -l flag prints a report of exceptional usage by login id for the specified date. Previous daily reports are cleaned up and therefore inaccessible after each invocation of monacct. The -c flag prints a report of exceptional resource usage by command, and may be used on current day's accounting data only.

prtacct can be used to format and print any total accounting (tacct) file.

runacct performs the accumulation of connect, process, fee, and disk accounting on a daily basis. It also creates summaries of command usage. For more information, see runacct(1M).

shutacct is invoked during a system shutdown to turn process accounting off and append a ``reason'' record to /var/adm/wtmp.

startup can be invoked when the system is brought to a multi-user state to turn process accounting on.

turnacct is an interface to accton (see acct(1M)) to turn process accounting on or off. The switch argument moves the current /var/adm/pacct to the next free name in /var/adm/pacctincr (where incr is a number starting with 1 and incrementing by one for each additional pacct file), then turns accounting back on again. This procedure is called by ckpacct and thus can be taken care of by the cron and used to keep pacct to a reasonable size. shutacct uses turnacct to stop process accounting. startup uses turnacct to start process accounting.


accumulator for fees

current file for per-process accounting

used if pacct gets large and during execution of daily accounting procedure

login/logoff summary

contains the limits for exceptional usage by login ID

contains the limits for exceptional usage by command name

working directory

holds all accounting commands

summary directory contains information for monacct

fiscal reports directory


acct(1M), acct(2), acct(4), acctcms(1M), acctcom(1), acctcon(1M), acctmerg(1M), acctprc(1M), cron(1M), diskusg(1M), fwtmp(1M), runacct(1M), utmp(4)
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004