notify mail sender that recipient is away
/usr/bin/vacation [ -d ] [ address ]
The vacation command makes it possible for you to notify
the sender of a message that you are away on a trip and you will not be
answering your mail for some time.
runs vacation on your behalf rather than you running it directly.
To enable use of vacation,
put the following line in your .maildelivery file:
* - pipe R vacation
Make sure that your .maildelivery file is not writable
by anyone but you.
You may also place a ``custom'' reply message in a file named
Finally, you should create an empty triplog file.
When vacation processes a message, it decides:
The vacation command decides whether this is the type of
message that should get a reply by looking at the contents of the
``Resent-To:'', ``Resent-Cc:'', ``To:'' and ``Cc:''
header fields. If
the recipient has an .alter_egos file (described next),
then one of the addresses in that file must appear in one of
these header fields for a reply to be sent. If the recipient does
not have an .alter_egos file, then the recipient's name or
a first-order alias of the recipient's name (for example,
dlong-->long) must appear in one of these header fields for a
reply to be sent. This procedure ensures that vacation will
not reply to messages sent to mailing lists, unless the
recipient's name (or some variant of the recipient's name) is
explicitly mentioned in a header field.
if this type of message should receive a reply
to whom the reply should be sent
whether this sender has already received a reply
If vacation decides it should send a reply to the
message, it looks at several other address fields to
determine to whom the reply should be sent. It uses, in order of
The vacation command notifies any originator of mail who has
not previously been notified unless you pre-load their address
into the triplog file (refer to the ``Files'' section). The
reply begins with some standard text (supplied by vacation)
followed by whatever text the user has placed in the
tripnote file, or the following message if the
tripnote file is missing:
addresses in ``Resent-Reply-To:''
addresses in ``Resent-From:'' and, if present, ``Resent-Sender:''
addresses in ``Reply-To:''
addresses in ``From:'' and either ``Sender:'', if present, or the
address argument from the command line.
This is an automatic reply to email you recently sent
to $USER. Additional mail to $USER will not result in
further replies. This mail indicates that the user is not
responding to your message for the following reason:
The originators' names are recorded in triplog.
No pre-recorded message file was left by the user.
However, this feature of the mail system is normally used
during vacations and other extended absences.
The Mail System
Contains the subject header for the mail vacation sends.
The default subject is
Absence (Automatic reply).
Contains a reply message to be sent to those
sending you mail.
Contains a list of each user whose mail vacation responded to.
It can also be initialized by hand to contain
the addresses, one per line, that are not to receive replies.
if it exists, becomes an output file for logging
diagnostic information. If the -d option is specified,
then extensive output is generated for debugging purposes. It is
not a good idea to leave -d enabled if this file is left
lying around, as the output can be quite voluminous.
an optional file composed of ``user@domain''
lines for all addresses to be considered `you'. This is needed
if you have multiple hosts forwarding their mail to you. If this
file is present, then the standard comparisons against your
username and first-level aliases of your username do not occur.
is your mail delivery specification file.
The previous example shows the line that should be added to
.maildelivery to enable use of vacation.
may need to give the full pathname of vacation if it is not
in your search path.
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 25 April 2004