Berkeley DB Reference Guide:
Access Methods


Error support

Berkeley DB offers programmatic support for displaying error return values.

The db_strerror function returns a pointer to the error message corresponding to any Berkeley DB error return, similar to the ANSI C strerror function, but is able to handle both system error returns and Berkeley DB specific return values.

For example:

int ret;
if ((ret = dbp->put(dbp, NULL, &key, &data, 0)) != 0) {
	fprintf(stderr, "put failed: %s\n", db_strerror(ret));
	return (1);

There are also two additional error methods, DB->err and DB->errx. These methods work like the ANSI C X3.159-1989 (ANSI C) printf function, taking a printf-style format string and argument list, and writing a message constructed from the format string and arguments.

The DB->err method appends the standard error string to the constructed message; the DB->errx method does not. These methods provide simpler ways of displaying Berkeley DB error messages. For example, if your application tracks session IDs in a variable called session_id, it can include that information in its error messages:

Error messages can additionally be configured to always include a prefix (for example, the program name) using the DB->set_errpfx method.

#define DATABASE "access.db"

int ret;

(void)dbp->set_errpfx(dbp, program_name);

if ((ret = dbp->open(dbp, NULL, DATABASE, NULL, DB_BTREE, DB_CREATE, 0664)) != 0) { dbp->err(dbp, ret, "%s", DATABASE); dbp->errx(dbp, "contact your system administrator: session ID was %d", session_id); return (1); }

For example, if the program were called my_app and the open call returned an EACCESS system error, the error messages shown would appear as follows:

my_app: access.db: Permission denied.
my_app: contact your system administrator: session ID was 14


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