(1tcl) commands by type

Package library management

Tcl supports standard tclIndex libraries and package libraries. A package library file can contain multiple independent Tcl packages. A package is a named collection of related Tcl procedures and initialization code.

The package library file is a regular UNIX text file, editable with a text editor, containing packages of Tcl source code. The package library filename must have the suffix .tlib. An index file with the suffix .tndx, corresponding to the package library, should also exist. The .tndx file will be automatically created by Tcl whenever it is out of date or missing (provided there is write access to the directory).

The variable auto_path contains a list of directories that are searched for libraries. The first time an unknown command trap is found, the indexes for the libraries are loaded into memory. If the auto_path variable is changed during execution of a program, the path will be searched again. Only the first package of a given name found during the execution of a program is loaded. This can be overridden with the loadlibindex command.

The start of a package is delimited by:

   #@package: package_name proc1 [... procN]
These lines must start in column 1. Everything between the #@package: keyword and the next #@package: keyword or a #@packend keyword, or the end of the file, becomes part of the named package. The specified procedures, proc1 ... procN, are the entry points of the package. When a command named in a package specification is executed and detected as an unknown command, all code in the specified package will be sourced. This package should define all of the procedures named on the package line, define any support procedures required by the package, and perform any package-specific initialization. Package declarations can be continued on subsequent lines using standard Tcl backslash line continuations. The #@packend keyword is useful to make sure only the minimum required section of code is sourced. Thus, for example, a large comment block at the beginning of the next file will not be loaded.

Take care in defining package_name, as the first package found in the path with a given name is loaded. This can be useful in developing new versions of packages installed on the system.

For example, in a package source file, the presence of the following line:

   #@package: directory_stack pushd popd dirs
says that the text following that line in the package file (up to the next package line or the end of the file) is a package named ``directory_stack'', and that an attempt to execute either pushd, popd or dirs (when the routine is not already defined) will cause the ``directory_stack'' portion of the package file to be loaded.
© 2004 The SCO Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
UnixWare 7 Release 7.1.4 - 27 April 2004